Indoor Scene Recognition based on Weighted Voting Schemes

Alejandra C. Hernández1, Clara Gomez1, Erik Derner2, and Ramón Barber1
1Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
2Czech Technical University in Prague, Czechia

Scene understanding represents one of the most primary problems in computer vision. It implies the full knowledge of all the elements of the environment and the comprehension of the relationships between them. One of the major tasks in this process is the scene recognition, on which we focus in this work. Scene recognition is a relevant and helpful task in many robotic fields such as navigation, localization, manipulation, among others. The knowledge of the place (e.g. "office",  "classroom" or "kitchen") can improve the performance of robots in indoor environments. This task can be difficult because of the variability, ambiguity, illumination changes, occlusions and scale variability present in this type of spaces. Commonly, this problem has been approached through the development of models based on local and global characteristics, incorporating context information and, more recently, using deep learning techniques. In this paper, we propose a multi-classifier model for scene recognition considering as priors the outcomes of independent base classifiers. We implement a weighted voting scheme based on genetic algorithms for the combination of different classifiers in order to improve the recognition performance. The results have proved the validity of our approach and how the proper combination of independent classifier models makes it possible to find a better and more efficient solution for the scene recognition problem.